Intelligence and memory rely on each other.
Intelligence - the ability to think, learn from experience, solve problems, and adapt to new situations. https://opentextbc.ca/introductiontopsychology/chapter/9-1-defining-and-measuring-intelligence/
Memory - encoding, storing, keeping, and recalling information and past experiences.
Scientists have not yet defined the boundaries of either intelligence nor memory. Humans are not the only species to show intelligence, and human intelligence is not the only type of intelligence.
Animal problem-solving and decision-making is a function of their nervous systems, including the brain. Intelligence is closely related to the nervous system and staying alive is dependent on intelligence. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/news/articles/qa--what-is-intelligence
Memory is important in developing intelligence. Without memory we start from the beginning over and over. Curiously, Slime Mold, a brainless, single-celled organism has a type of measurable intelligence and displays memory. Go to: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/science/the-sublime-slime-mold
Intelligence theorists abound, as do opinions of the types of intelligence. Aristotle is credited with the earliest reference to intelligence which he called “reason”. By the early 1900’s Sternberg developed the Triarchic Theory which describes (1) analytical or “book smart”, (2) creative or “light bulb” thinking, and (3) practical or “street smarts” types.
Then in 1905 Alfred Binet (1857 – 1911) and his student Theodore Simon (1873- 1961) developed a tool to measure intelligence. This tool was based on their theory of types of intelligence:
- Fluid reasoning i.e., logical problem solving in novel situations.
- Knowledge i.e., facts, concepts, procedures and metacognition, or what learners know about learning.
- Quantitative reasoning i.e., basic mathematics skills.
- Visual-spatial processing i.e., ability to imagine/visualize positions of objects, their shapes, their spatial relations, and their movement.
- Working memory i.e., small amount of information held in the mind and used in thinking tasks. (See below for references.)
As always, psychologists have looked closely at some of the problems and ethics associated with IQ testing.
“Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid”
“Intelligence is what intelligence tests measure”
E. G. Boring https://everydaypsych.com/the-history-of-intelligence/
Neurologists and researchers into brain plasticity have found strong evidence that brain memory exercises work and can also improve IQ. While not everyone agrees with this, the exercises can still be fun:
- jigsaw puzzles
- crossword puzzles
- concentration card game, or card matching
See this month’s Powerpoint (below) for:
- How to improve your memory
- Memory games
- YouTubes about “Working Memory” and “Intelligence”
- Fun puzzles to challenge you … with the answers.
- On-line memory game.
- I.Q.s of famous people.
References for 1905 Alfred Binet (1857 – 1911) and Theodore Simon (1873- 1961) –
10 – 12 noon Tuesday 2nd November – Cup Day
NB - Zoom or face to face to be confirmed.
TOPIC: Why do we do these things? - Psychology of Christmas
- Lights and decorations
- …. …. …. and Jokes.